The end of a US mask mandate for travel is met with elation and dread.

Americans welcomed the lifting of mask mandates on planes, trains, buses, and public transit with a mixture of joy, relief and alarm on Tuesday, marking an abrupt end to a directive that had been widely in place in various forms for nearly two years.

The Transportation Security Administration, airlines, public transit officials and transportation providers began announcing the end of enforcement of the mask mandate after a federal judge ruled against the requirement on Monday. However, some transit agencies, including the MTA in New York, said they would continue to require masks for now.

Some airline passengers received the news in airports or in flight, sharing celebratory photos and videos on social media. That elation was accompanied by nervousness and dread from other people who are afraid that the end of the mandate would increasingly expose them and their loved ones to the coronavirus as a new variant is driving up case counts around the United States.

On Monday afternoon, Peter Shankman, 49, took a United Airlines flight from Denver to Newark. Soon after boarding, the pilot announced that masks weren’t mandatory, but that those who took them off should be respectful to those who chose to keep them on. Most people around him continued wearing masks, even after that announcement, but only a few times their coverings back on after eating.

“I kept mine on the entire plane,” he said.

Mr. Shankman travels frequently for his job as a corporate keynote speaker and has been finding that since he started wearing a mask, he has been getting sick far less frequently. “I might continue it,” he said, adding, “It’s a little piece of fabric; it’s not that inconvenient. “

He’s not alone. Support for the mask mandate had been declining, but most Americans still support it, according to recent surveys. At least 60 percent of adults supported keeping the mandate in place, according to a Harris Poll conducted earlier this month. The Morning Consult reported this month that a similar share of adults supported a mask requirement, with those traveling over the next few months being most likely to back the mandate.

For many flight attendants, the lifting of the mandate was a relief. Flight crews have faced a surge in threats and violence from passengers over the past two years. In many cases, the rage is sparked by belligerent resistance to complying with the mask mandate, which is enforced by flight crews on planes.

“I’ve got nothing but extremely positive feedback,” said John Samuelsen, the international president of the Transport Workers Union, which represents thousands of flight attendants and other airline, railroad, and transit workers. “There was and remains a tension in the air.”

David Neeleman, the founder of JetBlue Airways who is now chief executive of a new company, Breeze Airways, said he and many of his crew members welcomed the news.

“They don’t like being policemen on airplanes,” he said. “It’s not something that they signed up for and I think it creates more agitation with customers.”

Unions representing flight attendants and pilots have long called for stronger action to address the increase in violence, with many welcoming a recent proposed bill in Congress that would impose tougher penalties for those convicted of assaulting flight crews and place those individuals on a no-fly list .

Jonathan Russell Biehl, a pilot for Delta, was mid-way between Tampa and Minneapolis on Monday night when he got a message that the TSA was no longer enforcing the mask rule.

“I would say this is the day I’ve been waiting for for a long time,” said Mr. Biehl, who was working as a first officer on Monday. “It’s really exciting not to have to be forced to wear a mask against my will.”

A video he shared shows passengers cheering as the captain announced that masks were optional. When he got off the plane in Minneapolis around 8:30 pm, he did not wear a mask.

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